**Unified field theory and the structure of the universe**

The theory that I am proposing provides an understanding of the structure of the universe and how all matter behaves within the universe. It also determines the behaviour of the forces of gravity, magnetism and electric charge within the universe.

To support this theory I will use it to explain the results of the double slit experiment and at the same time show how and why the quantum world appears to behave like a wave. I will also explain why the universe expands in all directions and not from a single centralised point in space.

The theory requires that we view the universe (past, present and future) as having a lattice that provides a framework for 3-dimensional space. We can imagine the lattice as a set of bars that run parallel to each other in 3 dimensions that intersect to create cubes with no floors, ceilings or walls. This lattice has the following properties: it remains stationary for all time and no mass or forces can pass through the bars of the lattice, they can only pass through the space between the bars into a discrete cube that is defined by the boundaries of the bars. Now that we have defined discrete 3-dimensional spaces that remain fixed for all time, we can apply the following laws. If we view the sum of the contents of each cube over all time then the contents of each cube would be identical to every other cube. This would be true for mass, gravity, charge and magnetic moment. So if we consider mass as an example then the following law would apply:

Sum of mass for cube 1 from time = 0 to infinity

is equal to

Sum of mass for cube 2 from time = 0 to infinity

is equal to

Sum of mass for cube n from time = 0 to infinity,

Where n = 1 to infinity.

The equivalent of the above law also applies to each of the forces of gravity, charge and magnetic moment.

**The double slit experiment**

Now we can apply this theory to explain the results of the double slit experiment.

In this case, we can view each single photon in the experiment as a marble and show how each marble will travel through the lattice of 3- dimensional space, (described above), over time. First we need to understand that the physical universe will look to keep the forces in each cube, including mass, as balanced as possible at any cumulative instant in time compared to the neighbouring cubes. That is to say before entering a 3 dimensional cube, each individual cube will have a set of forces that define the properties of the cube at that instant. The properties of each cube will be determined by the sum of the mass and the individual sums of the respective forces that have entered the cube since time zero.

Now we can look at the path that the marble must take to arrive at the point of measurement. In essence the marble has to move from one cube in the general direction in which it has been propelled. Now we need to understand it cannot simply travel in a straight line due the bars of the lattice (unless it was perfectly aligned with the lattice, but even in this case a straight line of travel would not be guaranteed).

At this stage we will describe the path of the marble in a 2-dimensional plane, although it is a straight forward to extend the reasoning to a 3-dimensional plane.

If for the 2 -dimensional plane we view the experiment as the surface of a table that is tilted downwards, where the table surface is acting as our horizontal plane and we imagine that the surface of the table is covered with a single layer of aligned cubes, now we can imagine that the cubes have been hollowed out and only the vertical corner posts of the cubes can be seen above the surface of the table. Now we will place two doors half way down the table that are sufficiently wide such that at least one full cube has been framed by each doorway. We will also place a wall at the end of the table in order to detect the location of the impact of any marbles making their way through either of the two doors.

As the marble travels from the cube in which it starts its journey (in row 1), it needs to move further down the table towards the cube in row 2. We will assume that the marble cannot move diagonally, but can only move to an adjacent cube to the left, right, forward, backward, up or down. In this 2-dimensional space example we only need to consider the cube directly in front of the cube housing the marble (in row 2) and the cubes immediately to the left and right of it in row 1. The marble is now subject to the properties of the mass and forces of the marble itself and the properties of the cube directly in front of it and to the side of it.

The cube into which the marble moves will be the cube with the current properties that best fit the marbles properties (mass, gravity, charge and magnetic moment). If the cumulative properties of the cube, in front of the current cube, is a better fit for the properties of the marble at this instant in time then the marble will move forward into that cube. For example, if the cube in front of the current cube housing the marble has a deficit of mass that has passed through it up to this instant in time compared to the surrounding cubes. Such that if the marble passed into this cube it would result in an improved balance for the sum of masses passed into it to-date, when compared when compared to its surrounding cubes, then it will exert a gravitational pull on the marble. Similarly the cumulative (from time zero to this instant in time) magnetic force and charge will also generate a net force of attraction or repulsion on the marble. This will determine which of the neighbouring cubes the marble would enter in to. Let’s say in this instance the marble moves forward into the cube directly in front of it.

This process would then repeat, let’s say in row 2 the marble moves forward one cube, so we are in the same column that we started off in but now in row 3. Next it is determined that the cube having the properties of best fit for the marbles new properties results in the marble moving into the left hand cube in row 3. As there will be considerable forward momentum on the marble it will generally move forward as opposed to left or right through the different rows.

This process will continue from row to row, until we reach the row in front of the row in which the doors are situated. Exactly the same process will occur in this case. If the properties of the marble at this new instant in time are best matched by the cube framed by the doorway then the marble will pass into the cube framed by the doorway, otherwise it will not.

This process will continue row after row (moving left or right or straight ahead) until the marble hits the wall at the end of the table (in the double slit experiment it is the device that measures the arrival of the photon).

In this way, providing the doorways are sufficiently close together, a proportion of the individual marbles will pass through one of the two doors eventually arriving at the wall at the end of the table. All other individual marbles will be stopped by the wall that the doorways are located in.

It should be noted that the properties of the nearby cubes should be relatively similar at an instant in time and as such the forces attracting the marble away from the most direct path would not generally be large, but sufficient to create small deviations from a straight path when interacting with the properties of the marble.

The wall would show the pattern of impact from the marbles that resembles the pattern shown by the double slit experiment. Due to the discrete nature of the lattice cube, we will arrive at a set of discrete impact points that will be normally distributed around a central point.

Now we need to explain why the path changes when a sensor is added to determine if the marble passes through a slit. If the sensor uses a magnetic or electromagnetic field to identify the path of the photon, the sensor will align the magnetic field through which the photon passes and will entirely bias the path that the photon can take. Providing a direct path through the slits from the point of origin of the photon with minimal deviation, showing the double slit image in the horizontal plane.

In the case of the marble, the sensor is biasing the magnetic and electrical properties of both the marble and the cubes through which the marble can enter. In effect aligning the pathway through which the marble can travel.

**The expansion of the known universe**

I believe a question has arisen over how the universe expands in all directions as opposed to from a central point.

The above logic needs to be applied to each point in the universe at a given point in time. In this case instead of a single marble, we can consider a row of 5 marbles. The path that these marbles will take will again be determined by the cubes available for each of the 5 marbles to move into, it will also be determined by the properties of each of the 5 marbles, but in this case it will also be determined by the competition from the neighbouring marbles. This will lead to some expansion in the band of columns that the marbles could fall into. For example, if the marbles originally started their journey in adjacent columns it is quite likely that by the end of their journey even if they are in the same row, they may not be in the same columns. Whether the space between the marbles expands in the horizontal plane, at a particular instant in time will be determined by the balance of the forces of gravity, magnetism and charge.

In the same way this will also occur in the vertical plane as well as the horizontal plane. Extrapolating this process would result in a universe where there is not a central point of expansion of the universe, but it would show the universe expanding in all directions.