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Further the problem of integrating renewables into the grid makes renewable energy more costly than fossil fuel power generation.
The Clean Air Act 1956 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in response to London's Great Smog of 1952. It was in effect until 1964, and sponsored by the Ministry of Housing and Local Government in England and the Department of Health for Scotland.The Act introduced a number of measures to reduce air pollution, especially by introducing 'smoke control areas' in some towns and cities in which only smokeless fuels could be burnt. By shifting homes' sources of heat towards cleaner coals, electricity, and gas, it reduced the amount of smoke pollution and sulphur dioxide from household fires.
The Chinese government ratified the Kyoto protocol because it didn't impose any restrictions on China. Which is probably why the US government didn't ratify it.
The great thing about centralised electricity generation is that you can turn almost any combustible rubbish into a useful product because the energy density of the fuel for a large static boiler is not critical - unlike vehicle or aviation fuel. Some power stations were designed to run on the sludge that washes out of coalmines, others burn general domestic waste, chicken poo, forest trimmings..... So using "smokeless" coke is hardly a problem. The most efficient coke boilers grind the stuff up to a fluidised powder that is injected into the flame rather like an oil burner: consistency helps, but primary energy density is just a design input.
Almost everyone else disagrees with the idea that that " using "smokeless" coke is hardly a problem."
Malaria is still with us
QuoteAlmost everyone else disagrees with the idea that that " using "smokeless" coke is hardly a problem."Time was that "almost everyone" agreed ...I must talk to my local hydroponic farmer. He injects CO2 into his greenhouses to improve plant growth. I must tell him that he looks foolish as he reaps those massive tomato crops and carries his money to the bank.
XIX. There are and can be only two ways of searching into and discovering truth. The one flies from the senses and particulars to the most general axioms, and from these principles, the truth of which it takes for settled and immoveable, proceeds to judgment and to the discovery of middle axioms. And this way is now in fashion. The other derives axioms from the senses and particulars, rising by a gradual and unbroken ascent, so that it arrives at the most general axioms last of all. This is the true way, but as yet untried.
I strongly recommend anyone with an enquiring mind to consider the actual IR spectrum of CO2 in the context of the rest of the earth's atmosphere, including water in all its phases*. It is also worth considering the ice core record that clearly shows the CO2 concentration curve to lag behind the temperature curve. I won't labour the point here, but on my planet, causes precede effects. *it is quite difficult to find a published spectrum with a consistently labelled y (transmission) axis for both water and CO2 at atmospheric concentrations. When you do so, it is instructive to calculate the areas under each curve, and ask yourself which one dominates the greenhouse effect.
I remember 1953 when climatic conditions pushed coal smoke down over London, later checks found that there were 4000 more deaths than was usual for that time of year