Let me add three more things to complete the model. These variables are special relativity, why a quantum universe, and distance potential for expansion.

Special Relativity affects, which are relative to reference, can violate energy conservation. Say we had two rockets moving in empty space, without a normalizing reference, with relative velocity V. One rocket has mass M and the other with mass 2M. If each rocket assumes the other is moving with relative velocity V, one rocket will see a total kinetic energy of MV2, while the other rocket will see a total kinetic energy of 1/2MV2. This is not possible, because one of the two reference will be creating or destroying energy in violation of energy conservation. To maintain energy conservation, only one reference scenario is possible. The motion of the two rockets can't be relative or arbitrary if energy conservation matter. There needs to be an absolute hierarchy or energy conservation will violated by one of the two references.

When dealing with special relativity for this model, which is centered on velocity, the hierarchy of reference needs to be based on energy conservation, which in this case is based on kinetic energy. One cannot just use relative velocity and ignore energy and assumed the energy balance will add up.

In kinetic energy, velocity is squared. It has the units of d-d/t-t which has the same units as a space-time reference within a space-time reference; space-time(space-time). Special relativity affects, which are consistent with energy conservation, will follow a reference in reference affect. The reference that has kinetic energy, creates a secondary reference in the main reference. In the twin paradox, only the moving twin has the reference in reference. He come back younger, consistent with energy conservation. The twin without energy; stays on earth, may see relativity, but he has only one reference, not reference in reference, due to insufficient kinetic energy; ages the same.

In this model, when mass condenses from energy (subset) from the C-ground state (set), we have inertial reference appearing in the speed of light reference. A reference in reference affect appear, with the secondary reference operating to the beat of its own drum; ages faster. An endothermic expansion can appear to exceed the speed of light, however, it is a reference in reference affect, based on slowing from the speed of light. It never exceeds the speed of light, but slows from C.

As a helpful analogy, say we have two rockets moving at the same velocity, side-by side. One rockets puts on the space brakes and begins to slow, creating relative motion. If you just woke up and looked outside, it may appear like the other rocket is moving away due to added thruster energy. But reality, the other rocket is losing energy, while gaining velocity. The lost energy is conserved, as brake heat, which heats up the rocket. There is zero change in energy in the rocket, however, kinetic energy is converted to brake heat energy.

Let me change direction and pose the question, why do we have a quantum universe? We know nature is quantized, but why is this the case? If we compare a continuous universe to a quantum universe, a quantum universe saves time. One way to look at this is to compare an infinite sided dice, with a dice with only six sides. The six sided dice has 1 in 6 odds for any given side coming up. While the infinite sided dice has odds of 1 in ∞. Therefore, if we needed to roll two 5's, the six sided dice allows this to occur faster. I saved time with the quantum dice.

If A and B needs to happen before C can occur, a quantum universe allows this to happen faster compared to a continuous function universe. Our quantum universe is connected to the fastest path back to the C-ground state. The lack of a quantum universe, would benefit inertial reference, and would make it persist forever.

The saving and conservation of time, induced by a quantum universe, versus a continuous universe, is not wasted. This has a related use. When an electron drops an energy level, it can move in distance in zero time; quantum step. The saved time, appears as potential in distance. The saved time allows movement in distance via a discontinuity in time.

This affect; time to distance potential conversion, has been recorded since about 1826, with the invention of photography. The recorded affect is called motion blur. This is shown below. Motion blur occurs when the speed of the action is faster than the shutter speed. Since the photo stops time, the difference in speed (shutter and action) d/t, with time stopped, is conserved and shows up as uncertainty in distance. In the case of the universe, the action speed is at the speed of light, while the shutter speed is based on inertial reference, which can vary shutter speed. Action is based on energy which travels at the speed of light.

In the case of the endothermic expansion, and the institution of the quantum universe, the saved time; gaps, appears as uncertainty in distance. This introduces distance potential; expansion. In the photo below, we get the impression of motion even with the dancer stopped in time. She appears spread out over distance in sequence; time is conserved as uncertainty in distance. Space-time is an artifact of a quantum universe, with space connected to the gaps in time. The makes space-time a wave function, cycling between time and distance, with distance forming in the quantum gaps of time.

If we go back, to form mass, we needed two parts time threads and one part distance treads. This is space-time embroidered with extra threads of time. This governed by the laws of GR. The quantum universe saves and conserves time, allowing time to distance potential conversion. This adds to (time-space), within (space-time) or the reference n reference of SR. The result is the big boom!

I called the second reference of SR, time-space instead of space-time because quantum gaps in time come before the uncertainty in distance. This has practical use, which will try to develop the next time. Sufficient to say, in the twin paradox, the reference in reference twin ages slower, but he comes back the same in size. There is no such things as permanent distance contraction once he loses reference in reference. Only the time change will persist. Time-space allows us to address persistencies in a very simple way, based on 0-D to 3-D time-space. Since this is connected to reference in reference, this superimposed on space-time; mass and GR.